(From the mid-nineteenth-century
* SÍrat Cabolek*/The Book of Cabolek)

[Translated from the Javanese by M. Mansur Medeiros.]

This version of the "Dewa Ruci" is taken from the SÍrat Cabolek (The Book of Cabolek), and is popularly thought to have been written by Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura I, the pioneer of modern Javanese verse, who died in 1729.

This is only one of the many versions of the story, which is also a very popular shadow theater story, often performed under the name Bima Suci (The Holy WÍrkudara, by which is intended the Dewa Ruci), in that after his enlightenment WÍrkudara changes his name to Bima.

This is a truncated version, leaving out WÍrkudara's trials under a wicked guru who intends him harm and confining itself to the encounter between the rude knight WrÍkudara and his inner self, or spirit, the Dewa Ruci. Dewa means something akin to "Hindu god," while ruci, according to the dictionary, means "quick to anger." This appears not to fit, except that Bima does mean "frightening," so the word is sometimes explained as "little" or as a synonym of rucira, which means "shining" or "beautiful to look at."

This translation is based on the Sufi concept underlying the text of tripartite man made up of body (raga), soul (pramana), and spirit (suksma) equivalents of the Javanese jasmani or wadhag, napsu, and roh. The Dewa Ruci is seen as the embodiment of the spirit, which guides the body and soul of the seeker, symbolized by WÍrkudara, to an understanding of the Perfection of Life and Mystic Union with the Divine.

In the Dhandhanggula Meter

1. (14)

Wuwusira Dewa Suksma Ruci,
The Dewa Ruci -- the human spirit -- said:
payo WÍrkudhara dipun-enggal,
"Come, WÍrkudhara, hurry,
manjinga garbengong kene,
enter into my abdomen here."
WrÍkudhara gumuyu,
WÍrkudhara laughed
pan angguguk turira aris,
a restrained laugh and said softly:
dene paduka bajang,
"As for you, my lord, youíre a midget,
kawula gÍng luhur,
[while] I am great and tall,
inggih pangawak parbata,
a veritable man-mountain.
saking pundi margine kawula manjing,
From what direction is there a way for me to enter?
jÍnthik mangsa sÍdhÍnga.
Not even my little finger could possibly manage it."

NOTE: WÍrkudhara or WrÍkudhara is the youthful name of Bima, the hero of this tale, before the experience of *unio mystica* described in this passage.

2. (15)

Angandika malih Dewa Ruci,
Again the Dewa Ruci spoke:
gÍdhe Índi sira lawan jagad,
"Which is larger, you or the world?"
kabeh iki saisine,
All its contents here,
kalawan gunungipun,
with its mountains,
samodrane alase sami,
seas, and forests
tan sÍsak lumÍbuwa,
would not be overcrowded if they entered
guwa garbaningsun,
my abdomen."
WrÍkodhara duk miyarsa,
WÍrkudhara, when he heard [this],
Ísmu ajrih kumÍl sandika turneki,
seemed frightened and calmly expressed his humble agreement.
mengleng sang Ruci Dewa.
The Dewa Ruci bent sideways.

3. (16)

Iki dalan talingan ngong kering,
"Here is the way -- [through] my left ear."
WrÍkodhara manjing sigra-sigra,
WÍrkudhara hastened inside.
wus prapteng sajro garbane,
Once within the [godís] abdomen
andulu samodra gung,
he saw a great sea,
tanpa tÍpi nglangut lumaris,
shoreless. He went away, almost out of sight,
lÍyÍp adoh katingal,
until he was like something seen far off in a half-sleeping state.
Dewa Ruci nguwuh,
The Dewa Ruci called out:
heh apa katon ing sira,
"Hey, what do you see?"
dyan sumahur sang Sena aturna tÍbih,
Then Sena replied from a distance,
tan wontÍn katingalan.
"Thereís nothing to be seen.

4. (17)

Awang-awang kang kula-lampahi,
"The spaces Iím passing through
uwung-uwung tÍbih tan kantÍnan,
are empty and unimaginably vast.
ulun saparan-parane,
No matter where I go,
tan mulat ing lor kidul,
I canít tell north from south;
wetan kilen datan udani,
I canít tell east from west.
ngandhap nginggil ing ngarsa,
Nadir from zenith, front
kalawan ing pungkur,
from back,
kawula botÍn uninga,
I canít distinguish.
langkung bingung ngandika sang Dewa Ruci,
Iím totally confused." Said the Dewa Ruci,
aja maras tyasira.
"Donít let yourself feel uneasy."

5. (18)

Byar katingal ngadhÍp Dewa Ruci,
Suddenly seeing he was face to face with the Dewa Ruci,
WÍrkodhara sang wiku kawangwang,
WÍrkudhara looked closely at the holy ascetic
umancur katon cahyane,
radiating visible light,
nuli wruh ing lor kidul,
and then knew north from south.
wetan kilen sampun kaeksi,
East from west he could distinguish,
nginggil miwah ing ngandhap,
zenith from nadir.
pan sampun kadulu,
All were now apparent.
lawan andulu baskara,
And, seeing the sun,
eca tyase miwah sang wiku kaeksi,
he was in delight, with the holy priest visible
aneng jagad walikan.
inside the parallel universe.

6. (19)

Dewa Ruci Suksma angling malih,
The Dewa Ruci -- the human spirit -- spoke once more:
aywa lumaku anduduluwa,
Donít move around. Observe
apa katon ing dheweke,
what is appearing to you.
WrÍkodhara umatur,
WÍrkudhara said,
wontÍn warni kawan prakawis,
There are four colors
katingal ing kawula,
appearing to me.
sadaya kang wau,
All the things [I saw] before
sampun datan katingalan,
are now invisible.
amung kawan prakawis ingkang kaeksi,
I see only four things:
irÍng bang kuning pÍthak.
black, red, yellow, [and] white.

7. (20)

Dewa Ruci Suksma ngandika ris,
The Dewa Ruci -- the human spirit -- spoke softly:
ingkang dhingin sira anon cahya,
The light you saw first --
gumawang tan wruh arane,
very clear -- whose name you did not know --
pancamaya puniku,
the five radiances --
sajatine ing tyas sayÍkti,
is the reality of the true mind,
panguriping sarira,
the selfís life-giver.
tÍgÍse tyas iku,
The meaning of mind,
ingaranan mukasipat,
is that which is called *mukasipat* (the foremost of attributes)
kang anuntun marang sipat kang linuwih,
which leads to the excellent attributes,
kang sajatining sipat.
which are the most genuine of attributes.

8. (21)

Mangka tinula aywa lumaris,
But weigh it, donít go running off.
awasÍna rupa aja samar,
Observe the colors. Donít be afraid.
kawasaning tyas Ímpane,
The power of mind, its function,
tingale tyas puniku,
is its ability to see,
anÍngÍri maring sajati,
to discern that which is genuine.
enak sang WrÍkodhara,
WÍrkudhara was delighted
amiyarsa wuwus,
to hear those words.
lagya mesÍm tyas sumringah,
He smiled. He was relieved.
dene ingkang irÍng abang kuning putih,
As for the black, red, yellow, [and] white,
iku durgamaning tyas
they are dangerous obstacles to the mind.

9. (22)

pan isining jagad amÍpÍki,
Why, they fill to overflowing all that is in the world --
iya ati kang tÍlung prakara,
those three [aspects of] mind do pamurunging laku dene,
those wasters of ascetic practices -- as for
kang bisa pisah iku,
those who can separate [from] them,
pasthi bisa amor ing gaib,
such persons can definitely unite with the unseen.
iku mungsuhing tapa,
Those [three are] enemies of meditation,
ati kang tÍtÍlu,
the three [aspects of] mind,
irÍng abang kuning samya,
the black, red, [and yellow]
ingkang nyÍgah cipta karsa kang lÍstari,
which interrupt the steadiness of the hope of and the wish for
pamoring suksma mulya.
union with the Spirit of Glory.

10. (23)

Lamun nora kawilÍt ing katri,
ďf unimpeded by the three,
yÍkti sida pamoring kawula,
certainly union of the subject [with his lord], will occur
lÍstari ing panunggale,
[in an] everlasting oneness.
poma den-awas emut,
Above all, beware [of them], be conscious
durgama kang munggeng ing ati,
of the obstacles present in the mind.
pangwasane wÍruha,
Observe the [particular] power
of each.
kang irÍng lÍwih prakoswa,
The black is the most powerful.
panggawene asrÍngÍng sabarang runtik,
Its way is to express every kind of anger and greed,
andadra ngambra-ambra.
making themg worse and worse, spreading [them] ever wider.

11. (24)

Iya iku ati kang ngadhangi,
That is the mind that blocks off
ambuntoni maring kabÍcikan,
goodness and makes it futile.
kang irÍng iku gawene,
That is the work of the black one.
dene kang abang iku,
As for the red one,
iya tuduh nÍpsu tan bÍcik,
it advises [acting out] bad cravings (*nafs*).
sakehing pipinginan,
All cravings
mÍtu sangking iku,
arise from it.
panasten panasbaranan,
Incitements to jealousy, fits of fury,
ambuntoni maring ati ingkang eling,
shut off the [part of] mind [still] in touch
maring ing kawaspadan.
with awareness of hidden things.

12. (25)

Dene iya kang arupa kuning,
As for the yellow,
kuwasane nanggulang sabarang,
its power is to overcome any
cipta kang bÍcik dadine,
good impulses that might arise.
panggawe amrih tulus,
Any good deeds --
ati kuning ingkang ngandhÍgi,
it is the yellow mind that halts them.
mung panggawe pangrusak,
Destructive deeds alone
binanjur jinurung,
does it perform and approve.
mung kang putih iku nyata,
Only the white is genuine --
ati antÍng mung suci tan ika-iki,
the peaceful mind, entirely pure, without caprice --
prawira karaharjan.
[and] has the courage [to achieve] well-being.

13. (26)

Amung iku kang bisa nampani
ďt alone is able to receive
ing sasmita sajatining rupa,
true indications about the reality behind appearances.
nampani nugraha gone,
It is where grace is received [and]
ingkang bisa tumanduk,
that which can arrive at
kalÍstaren pamoring gaib,
everlasting union with the unseen.
iku mungsuh titiga,
It opposes the [other] three.
tur samya gung agung,
Though all are of the same size, greater
balane ingkang titiga,
[are] the armies of the three.
ingkang putih tanpa rowang amung siji,
The white has no supporter, is alone,
mila anggung kasoran.
and so is always defeated.

14. (27)

Lamun bisa iya nÍmbadani,
If you can clear away
marang susukÍr tÍlung prakara,
the dirt of the three,
sida ing kono pamore,
then your union will really take place
tanpa tuduhan iku,
without [any need for] guidance
ing pamoring kawula Gusti,
about the union of subject and Lord.
WÍrkudhara miyarsa,
WÍrkudhara, hearing [this],
sÍngkud pamrihipun,
[felt] his intention grow keen,
sangsaya birahenira,
increasing his craving
kacaryan ing kauwusaning ngaurip,
[for the] happiness of lifeís goal --
sampurnaning panunggal.
total union [with the divine].

15. (28)

Sirna patang prakara na malih,
When the four had vanished,
urub siji wÍwolu warnanya,
a single flame [appeared], of eight colors.
sang WÍrkudhara ature,
WÍrkudhara asked:
punapa wastanipun,
What is the name
urub siji wolu warni,
of the one flame of eight colors?
pundi ingkang sanyata,
Which is genuine?
rupa kang satuhu,
Which color is the true one?
wontÍn kadi rÍtna muncar,
There is something like gleaming jewels.
wontÍn kadi maya-maya angebati,
There is something bright and clear and like lightning,
wÍneh abra markata.
giving off emerald flashes.


Marbudengrat Dewa Ruci angling,
The worldís enlightener, the Dewa Ruci, said:
iya iku kÍjatining tunggal,
ďt [the flame] is the reality of union.
saliring warna tÍgÍse,
It means that all things
iya na ing sireku,
are present within you,
tuwin iya isining bumi,
and all on earth
ginambar angganira,
is represented in your being.
lawan jagad agung,
Between the macrocosm
jagad cilik tanpa beda,
and the microcosm there is [now] no difference.
purwa ana lor kidul wetan puniki,
[This is ] the reason there begins to be a north, south, east
kilen ing luhur ngandhap.
and west to [your] zenith and nadir

17. (30)

Miwah irÍng abang kuning putih,
As well as the black, red, yellow, [and] white,
iya panguripe ing buwana,
the givers of livelihood to the world.
jagad cilik jagad gÍdhe,
The microcosm and macrocosm
pan padha isinipun,
have the same content.
tinimbangkÍn ing sira iki,
[All have] their counterpart within you.
yen ilang warnaning kang,
If the forms vanished,
kabeh jagad iku,
the whole world,
saliring reka tan ana,
all thought and aim, would cease to be,
kinumpulkÍn ana rupa kang sawiji,
[and] would be combined into a unity
tan kakung tan wanudya.
neither male nor female

18. (31)

Kadya tawon gumana puniki,
Like a bee larva
ingkang asawang puputran dÍnta,
resembling an ivory doll.
lah payo dulunÍn kuwe,
Come, look at this.
WÍrkudhara andulu,
WÍrkudhara looked at
ingkang kadya puputran gadhing,
something resembling an ivory doll.
cahya mancur kumilat,
A bright light shone [from it],
tumeja ngunguwung,
radiating all about it.
punapa inggih punika,
Is this
warnaning dat kang pinrih dipun-ulati,
the essence I was directed to seek,
kang sayÍktining rupa,
the reality of form?

19. (32)

Anauri aris Dewa Ruci,
The Dewa Ruci replied softly,
dudu iku ingkang sira-sÍdya,
It is not that which you are seeking:
kang mumpuni ambÍk kabeh,
that which knows all natures
tan kÍna sira-dulu,
you cannot see.
tanpa rupa datanpa warni,
[It has] no form, no shape,
tan gatra tan satmata,
no body; [itís] invisible,
iya tanpa dunung,
[and is] without spatiality,
mung dumunung mring kang awas,
residing only in those who can see the invisible.
mung sasmita aneng ing jagad ngÍbÍki,
Only its signs and portents fill the world.
dinumuk datan ana.
[If] you reach out to touch it, it isnít there

20. (33)

Dene iku kang sira-tingali
So that which you see,
kang asawang puputran mutyara,
which appears like a pearly doll
ingkang kumilat cahyane,
radiating flashes of light,
angkara-kara murub,
blazing steadily,
pan pÍrmana arane iki,
is called the soul,
uripe kang sarira,
the life of the self,
pÍrmana puniku,
The soul
tunggal aneng ing sarira,
is one with the self,
nanging datan milu suka lan prihatin,
but does not take part in pleasure or discomfort.
Ínggone aneng raga
The place of those is in the body.

21. (34)

Datan milu turu mangan nÍnggih,
ďt does not take part in sleeping or eating;
iya nora milu lara lapa,
nor does it participate in any kind of suffering.
yen iku pisah Ínggone,
If it separates itself,
raga kari ngalumpruk,
the body collapses, helpless.
yÍkti lungkrah badanereki,
The body becomes truly without force.
yaiku kang kuwasa,
It is what has the power
nandhang rahsa iku,
to sustain the unseen [innermost self].
inguripan dening suksma,
Enlivened by the human spirit,
iya iku sinung sih anandhang urip,
or in other words, enabled [by it] to sustain life,
ingakÍn rahsaning dat.
it is acknowledged to be the innermost aspect of essence.

22. (35)

Iku sinandhangakÍn sireki,
It is what is made to enclothe you,
nanging kadya simbar neng kakaywan,
but, like a clinging vine on a tree,
aneng ing raga Ínggone,
its location is on the body,
uriping pÍrmaneku,
whose life this soul is
inguripan ing suksma nÍnggih,
[which is in turn] given life by the human spirit,
misesa ing sarira,
which rules the self.
pÍrmana puniki,
The soul,
yen mati milu kalÍswan,
in death, also becomes helpless
lamun ilang suksmane sarira nuli,
once its spirit is separated from it, but still
uriping suksma ana.
the spirit retains life.

23. (36)

Sirna iku iya kang pinanggih,
When [the soul] is gone, what is encountered
uriping suksma ingkang sanyata,
is the true life of the spirit.
kaliwat tan upamane,
This is something extreme in its incomparability.
lir rahsaning kamumu,
Like the taste of Chinese taro (it cannot be described).
kang pramana anÍrsandhani,
The soul leans [on the spirit].
tuhu tunggal pinangka,
They are truly from the same source.
jinatÍn puniku,
Thus did he explain.
umatur sang WÍrkudhara,
WÍrkudhara asked:
inggih pundi warnine dat kang sayÍkti,
Which, then, is the true ipseity?
Dewa Ruci ngandika.
The Dewa Ruci replied:

24. (37)

Nora kÍna iku yen sira-prih,
It is not allowed for you to aim at this.
lawan kahanan sÍmata-mata,
It depends entirely on [your] state,
gampang-angel pirantine,
on the capacity or incapacity of your soulís faculties.
WÍrkudhara umatur,
WÍrkudhara said,
kula nuwun pamÍjang malih,
I beg for more teaching.
inggih kÍdah uninga,
I need to know
babar pisanipun,
everything to the fullest.
pun patik ngaturken pÍjah,
I am willing to die.
ambÍbana anggen-anggen kang sayÍkti,
I am begging for the basic truths
sampun tuwas kangelan.
lest all my efforts be in vain.

25. (38)

Yen mÍkatÍn kula botÍn mijil,
Otherwise Iíll refuse to come out [of you].
sampun eca neng ngriki kewala,
Iím already in sheer delight right here.
botÍn wontÍn sangsarane,
There are no hardships.
tan niyat mangan turu,
I have no need to eat or sleep.
botÍn arip botÍn angÍlih,
Iím neither sleepy nor hungry.
botÍn ngraos kangelan,
I feel no difficulties.
botÍn ngÍrÍs linu,
I have no fear or sadness, no aches,
amung nikmat lan manpangat,
but only delight and well-being.
Dewa Ruci lingira iku tan kÍni,
The Dewa Ruci said: That is not allowed
yen nora lan antaka.
unless [you] die [first].

26. (39)

Sangsaya sihira Dewa Ruci,
The compassion of the Dewa Ruci grew
marang kang kaswasih ing panÍdha,
for the piteous petitioner.
lah iya den-awas bae,
All right. Just beware
mring pamuruning laku,
of the potential for failure on the way.
aywa ana karÍmireki,
Let there be no sensual pleasures.
den-bÍnÍr den-waspada,
Be serious. Beware
of assumptions.
yen wus kasikÍp ing sira,
If once you achieve your goal,
aja umung den-nganggo parah yen angling,
donít be a chatterbox. Use common sense when speaking,
yeku reh pipingitan.
for this is knowledge that must be protected.

27. (40)

Nora kÍna yen sira-rasani,
It is not permitted for you to discuss it
lan sÍsama-samaning manungsa,
with others
kang nora lan nugrahane,
who have not been given the grace.
yen ana nÍdya padu,
If you desire to discuss this,
angrasani rÍrasan iki,
to discuss this subject,
ya tÍka kalahana,
overcome [the desire].
ywa kongsi kabanjur,
Donít give in to it.
aywa ngadekkÍn sarira,
Do not think highly of yourself.
yen karakÍt marang wisaning ngaurip,
If you are in the grip of that poison of life,
balik sikÍpÍn uga.
then overcome it.

28. (41)

Datan waneh sangkanira nguni,
Your first origin was certainly
tunggal sapakÍrtining buwana,
in union with the worldís every action.
pandulu pamiyarsane,
[The worldís] seeing and hearing
wus aneng ing sireku,
are now within you,
pamyarsane yang suksma jati,
the hearing of the true human spirit --
iya tan lawan karna,
not with ears,
ing pandulunipun,
its seeing
iya tan kalawan netra,
not with eyes.
karnanira netranira kang kinardi,
[The worldís] ears and eyes are doing it.
anane aneng sira.
They are within you.

29. (42)

Lairing suksma aneng sireku,
The outer of the [true] human spirit is within you.
batinira kang ana ing suksma,
It is your inner aspect which is in the human spirit.
kaya mangkene patrape,
Here is how this works:
kadya wrÍksa tinunu,
Like wood burned.
ananing kang kukusing gÍni,
The presence of the smoke from the fire,
iya kalawan wrÍksa,
is because of the wood.
lir toya lan alun,
Like water and its ripples.
kadya menyak lawan puhan,
Like cream and milk.
raganira ing reh mobah lawan mosik,
Your body is under a law. Its movements and actions
sarta lawan nugraha,
are all divine gifts.

30. (43)

Yen wruh pamore kawula gusti,
Once you have witnessed the union of Lord and Vassal --
sarta suksma kang sinÍdya ana,
by means of the human spirit, what you desire is present,
de warna neng sira gone,
because the place of all things is within you.
lir wayang sarireku,
You are like a shadow puppet.
saking dhalang solahing ringgit,
The movements of shadow puppets are from the puppet-master.
mangka panggung kang jagad,
As for the shadow-stage, it is the world.
liring badan iku,
Your true state is [now]
amolah lamun pinolah,
that you move [only] if you are moved
sapolahe kumÍdhep myarsa ningali,
in all you do -- blinking, hearing, seeing,
tumindak lan pangucap.
walking, and speaking

31. (44)

Kawisesa amisesa sami,
The moving and being moved are the same
datan antara pamoring karsa,
there is no empty space between the combined wills.
jÍr tanpa rupa rupane,
Their form is to be formless.
wus aneng ing sireku,
They are within you
upamane paesan jati,
like a faithful mirror.
ingkang ngilo ywang suksma,
The one looking in is the true human spirit.
wayangan puniku,
The reflection
kang ana sajroning kaca,
in the glass
iya sira jÍnÍnge manusa iki,
is you, what is called the human being,
rupa sajroning kaca.
a form in a looking glass.

32. (45)

Luwih gÍngnya kalÍpasan iki,
This release is very great.
lawan jagad agÍng kalÍpasan,
It is a release greater than the world,
kalawan luwih lÍmbute,
and [yet] very soft.
salÍmbutaning banyu,
No matter how soft water may be,
mapan lÍmbut kamuksan ugi,
release is softer.
luwih alit kamuksan,
Release is very small.
saaliting tÍngu,
As tiny as a mite may be,
pan maksih alit kamuksan,
release is still tinier.
liring luwih amisesa ing sÍkalir,
Truly it has great power over all things.
liring lÍmbut alitnya.
Truly it is soft and fine.
Bisa nuksma ing agal myang alit,
It can penetrate coarse and fine,
kalimputan kabeh kang rumangkang,
including all crawlers,
kang gumÍrmÍt ya tan pae,
and creepers as well.
kaluwihan satuhu,
[This is] something truly great,
iya luwih dera nampani,
much greater than just accepting [knowledge from others].
tan kÍna ngandÍlÍna,
(You] are not permitted to rely on
ing warah lan wuruk,
[mere] guidance and teaching.
den-sangÍt panguswanira,
Be very serious in the way you use this.
badanira wasuhÍn pragnyana ngungkih,
Purify yourself and be cautious in going after it.
wruha rungsiding tingkah.
Know the obstacles to putting it into practice.

34. (47)

Wuruk iku pan minangka wiji,
Teaching is like a seed.
kang winuruk upamane papan,
The taught is like a place.
pama kacang lan kÍdhÍle,
Suppose peanuts and soybeans
sinÍbarna ing watu,
are strewn on stone.
yen watune datanpa siti,
If the stone has no soil on it
kodanan kÍpanasan,
[though] rained on and exposed to sunlight,
yÍkti nora thukul,
itís certain they wonít sprout.
lamun sira bijaksana,
If you are wise,
tingalira sirnana ananireki,
[youíll] put aside your own sight
dadi tingaling suksma.
and let it become the human spiritís sight.

35. (48)

Rupanira swaranira nuli,
Then your form and voice
ulihÍna mring kang duwe swara,
should be given back to their owner
jÍr sira ingakÍn,
for you are acknowledged
sisilih kang satuhu,
[to be only] the representative of the true [owner].
nanging aja duwe sireki,
Just have no
pakarÍman kang liya,
delights other
marang sang ywang luhur,
than in the Most High.
dadi sarira bÍthara,
For you have become a god.
obah osikira wus sah dadi siji,
Your actions are definitely at one [with His].
ja roro anggÍpira.
Let there be no duality in your outlook.

36. (49)

Yen duweya anggÍp sira kaki,
If you, my boy, have any notion
ngrasa roro dadi maksih uwas,
of duality, then you are still in doubt.
kÍna ing rÍngu yÍktine,
You are still subject to anger and resentment.
yen wis siji sawujud,
If everything has become one,
sakarÍntÍging tyasereki,
[then] all the things you think of,
apa cinipta ana,
whatever you have in your mind,
kang sinÍdya rawuh,
all that you wish, will come [to you],
wus kawÍngku aneng sira,
Already under your control,
jagad kabeh jÍr sira kinarya yÍkti,
[will be] everything in the world, for youíll have been made
gÍgÍnti den-asagah.
His representative [and] be willing.

37. (50)

Yen wus mudhÍng pratingkah kang iki,
Once you have mastered this way of acting,
den-awingit sarta den-asasab,
keep it protected, hide it.
ngandhap-asor pÍnganggone,
Use it with humility.
nanging ing batinipun,
Keep it to yourself.
sakarÍntÍg tan kÍna lali,
You must never forget your deep purpose.
laire sasabana,
In your outer life, hide it.
kawruh patang dhapur,
Four kinds of knowledge
padha anggÍpÍn sadaya,
treat seriously, all [four].
kalimane kang siji iku pÍrmati,
There is a fifth, the most important,
kanggo ing kene kana.
for use here and in the next world.

38. (51)

Liring mati sajroning ngaurip,
Like death in life
iya urip ing sajroning pÍjah,
or, in other words, life in death --
urip bae salawase,
it is life only, forever and ever.
kang mati iku nÍpsu,
It is the desires (*nafs*) that die.
badan lair kang anampani,
Itís the outer self that endures this.
kÍtampan badan nyata,
What is received by the true self
pamore sawujud,
is union with all existence.
pa gene ngrasa matiya,
That is what is felt in death.
WÍrkudhara tyasira padhang nampani,
WÍrkudharaís mind was filled with clarity when he perceived
wahyu prapta nugraha.
the divine revelation, as the grace came upon him.

39. (52)

Lir sasangka katawÍngan riris,
Like the moon dimmed by light rain
praptaning wahyu ngima nirmala,
was the coming of the revelation, like a pure rain cloud.
sumilak ilang rÍgÍde,
He became bright and clean as the dirt vanished.
angling malih turnya rum,
In his sweet, slow voice, again spoke
Dewa Ruci manis aririh,
the Dewa Ruci, softly and gently:
tan ana aji paran,
No magic spells of any kind [are needed].
kabeh wus kawÍngku,
All is under your control.
tan ana ingulatana,
There is nothing more to look for.
kaprawiran kadigdayan wus kawingking,
Youíve already mastered courage and invincibility,
kabeh rehing ngayuda.
all which concerns warfare.

40. (53)

TÍlas wulangira Dewa Ruci,
The Dewa Ruciís teachings were ended.
WÍrkudhara ing tyas wus tan kewran,
WÍrkudhara had no more problems on his mind.
wus wruh ing anane dhewe,
He now knew himself.
ardaning swara muluk,
United with [the Dewa Ruci] he rose up in the air.
tanpa Ílar anjajah bangkit,
Without wings, [he] rose up and glided over
sawÍngkon jagad raya,
the whole earth.
angga wus kawÍngku,
He had mastered his self.
pantÍs prÍmatining basa,
In the fitting language of literature
saenggane sÍkar maksih kudhup lami,
he was like a flower long in bud
mangke mÍkar ambabar,
which had opened and was spreading its petals.

41. (54)

Wuwuh warnane lan gandaneki,
His color and fragrance intensified.
wus kÍna kang panca-rÍtna mÍdal,
Now that the five jewels were his, he emerged.
wus salin alamipun,
[He] had changed worlds.
angulihi alame lami,
[He now] returned to his previous world.
Dewa Ruci wus sirna,
The Dewa Ruci was gone.
mÍngkana winuwus,
Thus has been related [the story]
tyasira Sang WÍrkudhara,
of how WÍrkudharaís mind
lulus saking gandane kÍsturi jati,
thanks to the scent of true screw-pine blossoms,
pÍpanasing tyas sirna.
had lost its heat.

42. (55)

Wus lÍksana salÍkÍring bumi,
Now the whole world was happy.
ujar bae wruh patakanira,
and talked of nothing but the sight of the emblems
nir ing wardaya malane,
of the cleansing of his mind from [all] stain --
mung panarima mungguh,
there being nothing [present to him] but surrender --
kadyanggane nganggo sutradi,
like his being dressed in fine silk,
maya-maya kang sarira,
his being beautiful and glowing;
rehnya kang saryalus,
his deportmentís polish and fineness,
sinukma mas ingÍmasan,
his being adorned with gold,
arja sotya-sinutya manik-minanik,
covered with jewels of all kinds.
wruh pakenaking tingkah.
The sight of the embellishments of his movements

43. (56)

Mila sumping bra puspa krÍna di,
Such as beautiful, shining flowers behind his ears,
winarnendah kinteki sumÍkar,
beautifying this poem by being told of,
kÍsturi jati namane,
[the blossoms] called screw pine,
pratandha datan korup,
a sign of not being on the wrong path.
kang pangwikan kÍnaka lungid;
[and] the sight of his sharp thumbnail
angungkabi kabisan,
revealing powers --
kawruh tan kaliru,
knowledge free from error --
poleng bang bintulu lima,
[and] the checkered pattern of red, black, yellow and white, [adorned] with five monster faces,
pan winarna uraga milÍt tulyasri,
[and] a beautiful coiling dragon pattern;
lancingan kampuhira.
[on his] his trousers and waistcloth.

44. (57)

Mangka pangemut katon ing nguni,
These were reminders of what had appeared earlier,
titiga duk sajroning kang garba,
the three colors [seen] in the abdomen of
Dewa Ruci pamengÍte,
the Dewa Ruci. [these] reminders
bang kuning irÍng iku,
[were] the red, yellow, and black
pamurunge laku ngadhangi,
[of the] destroyers of good actions, in waiting,
mung kang putih ing tÍngah,
[with] only the white as a barrier
sidaning pÍngangkuh,
against the uprising of arrogance.
kalimeku kang ginambar,
The five symbolized
wus kaasta sanalika aywa lali,
that he had now conquered them in one moment, lest he forget
ulun tuhu ambÍknya.
that he [now] had the nature of a true vassal

45. (58)

Saking sangÍte karya ling-aling,
As a result of his having seriously erected a screen,
pambengkase sumÍngah jubriya,
a protection, against pride and self-importance.
kaesthi siyang dalune,
Night and day it was his intention [to keep far from them].
pan kathah gennya ngrungu,
Much had he heard
pratingkahe para maharsi,
of the deeds of great priests
kang sami kaluputan,
who went astray
ing pangangkuhipun,
because of their arrogance.
pangancabing kawruhira,
Their courage and daring in seeking illumination
wus abÍnÍr wÍkasan mati tan dadi,
had been excellent, yet the process had stopped [in them], with no results.
kawilÍt ing tatrapan.
[Theyíd been] seduced by [false] methods.

46. (59)

Ana ingkang mati dadi pÍksi,
Some have [the process] stop and turn [as it were] into birds.
amung milih pencokan kewala,
All they [then] do is choose perches
kayu kang bÍcik warnane,
in beautiful-looking trees [like]
angsana naga-santun,
wood rose, cobraís saffron,
tanjung ana bulu waringin,
Spanish cherry, *bulu*, [and] banyans
kang ana pinggir pasar,
that grow around the edge of the market.
Íngkuk mangruk-mangkruk,
[Those] cardinal birds, perching high above,
angungkuli wong sÍpasar,
reach heights far above the market folk,
mindha-mindha kamukten sapele pinrih,
[and] in this guise seek trivial comforts,
kÍsasar kabÍlasar.
having gone totally astray.

47. (60)

Ana ingkang anitis para ji,
There are others who, taking up with kings,
sugih raja-brana miwah garwa,
are rich in goods and wives.
ana kang milih putrane,
There are others who choose [kingsí] sons
putra kang arsa mÍngku,
sons who will rule in the future.
karÍmane wong siji-siji,
It is the keen desire of each [of them]
samyantuk kaluwihan,
to acquire something that sets him above others
ing panitisipun,
in his career.
yen mungguh sang WÍrkudhara,
As for WÍrkudhara,
dÍrÍng arsa amung amrih ing pribadi,
he had no [such] desires, but only to be himself.
sÍdayeku ingaran.
All such [desires] are called

48. (61)

Titaning kang wadaka kang pÍsthi,
Being left behind, being a loser destined
durung jumÍnÍng jalma utama,
not yet to be noble human being.
ingkang mÍngkono anggÍpe,
Such as have those attitudes [nonetheless]
pÍngrasane anÍmu,
in their feelings having found
suka sugih tan wruh ing yÍkti,
happiness and riches, do not know the truth of the matter,
yen uga nÍmu duka,
[which is] that they have found sorrow.
kÍbanjur kalantur,
They stray further and further from their original aim.
saÍnggon nitis kewala,
They search in all directions, over and over,
tanpa wÍkas kangelan tan nÍmu hasil,
in endless frustration, never meeting success.
tan bisa babar pisan.
They simply cannot find it.

49. (62)

KarÍmane wong sawiji-wiji,
The keen desires of each individual
durung wÍruh sampurnaning tunggal,
who does not yet know the perfection of union,
ing pati sanggon-Ínggone,
when death comes might [lead him] anywhere.
anitis dadi kuwuk,
[He might] incarnate in a wildcat,
kuru gudhig pilÍrÍn mising,
skinny, scabrous, drooling, shitting,
matane karo wuta,
blind in both eyes,
tan wÍruh dÍlanggung,
not knowing the way.
ngrungu ana pitik sata,
Hearing a rooster,
pinaranan kang duwe ayam ningali,
[and] going for it, itís seen by the roosterís owner
ginitikan ing doran.
and beaten with a mattock handle.

50. (63)

Ana ingkang anyakrabawani,
There are those who are thinking about
iya pakarÍman duk ing donya,
their keen pleasures in the world
ing pati maring tibane,
when their time comes to die.
ing kono karÍmanipun,
Their keen desires
nora kuwat parÍng ing pati,
are unable to accept death.
keron pan kÍsamaran,
They peer out and see only obscurity,
mangsah wowor sambu,
They battle they know not what.
abote ulah kamuksan,
The hard part of release
nora kÍna toleh anak lawan rabi,
is that one may not remember children and wife
sajrone mrih wÍkasan.
in the process of meeting oneís end.

51. (64)

Yen luputa patakaning bumi,
If one is to be free from the worldís dangers.
lÍhÍng siyeng aja dadi jalma,
then itís better not to be born as a human being.
sato gampang pratikÍle,
Animals have easy rules to live by.
sirnane tanpa tutur,
Their dying is without any awareness.
yen wis aris bÍnÍr ing kapti,
If [a person] is really patient,
langgÍng tanpa kÍrana,
permanently, without interest in
angga buwaneku,
[or] delight in worldly matters,
umÍnÍng tan kadi sela,
still, but not like a rock,
ÍnÍngira apan ora kadi warih,
still, but not like water either,
wrata tanpa tuduhan.
he will develop without the need to be instructed.

52. (65)

Len ing pandhita ana nganggÍpi,
Other priests there are who attempt
ing kamuksan nÍnggih pÍksanira,
[to obtain] release by force.
anjungkung kasutapane,
They concentrate their minds in meditation.
nyana kÍna den-angkuh,
They think they can be arrogant [in this]
tanpa tuduh mung tapaneki,
[and obtain results] without teaching, by going apart alone,
tanpa wit puruhita,
without first becoming the pupil of a teacher.
suwung anyaruwung,
[They are] empty, making a sound like the wind.
mung tÍmÍn kaciptanira.
Only their will is strong.
durung antuk wuruk pratikÍl sayÍkti,
They do not receive teaching of the true law.
pÍngangkuh lalawora.
They are full of pride, and fruitless.

53. (66)

Tapanira kongsi ngraga runting,
Their austere practices make them fragmented.
wus mangkana gennya mrih kamuksan,
That is the way they seek release.
datanpa tutur sirnane,
But without guidance it comes to nothing.
kÍmatÍngÍn tapa wuk,
They become overripe in meditation and grow rotten,
den-pratikÍl ingkang lÍstari,
[when] what they sought was eternity.
tapa iku minangka,
Asceticism is
rÍragi pan amung,
no more than the spiced fried coconut,
ngelmu kang minangka ulam,
while knowledge is the meat.
tapa tanpa ngelmu iku nora dadi,
Austere practices without knowledge come to nothing
yen ngelmu tanpa tapa.
while knowledge without austere practices

54. (67)

CÍmplang-cÍmplang nora wurung dadi,
Though it may be flavorless -- must come to fruition.
angsal sampun wudhar ing tatrapan,
As long as one is free from methods,
kÍcagak sagung bekane,
and all difficulties are kept away by a barrier,
sayÍkti dadosipun,
there will certainly be success.
apan akeh pandhita sandi,
There are many secret gnostics
wuruke sinatÍngah,
who teach half what they know
marang sabatipun,
to their disciples.
sabate landhÍp priyangga,
The disciples are very sharp.
kang linÍmpit winudhar raose nuli,
What is folded up they unfold the secrets of, then
ngaturkÍn gurunira.
they tell the teacher.

55. (68)

Pamudhare sung graitaneki,
Their unfoldings have insights to give,
nguni-uni durung mambu warah,
though they have never even smelled [a place of] study before.
saking tan eca manahe,
Because they feel uneasy,
katur ing gurunipun,
they tell their teacher.
langkung ngungun milu nganggÍpi,
Deeply impressed, [the teacher] takes what they say as true
sinÍmantakkÍn lawan,
and regards them as
pandhita gung-agung,
great ascetics,
wus pasthi anggÍp kang nyata,
accepting their opinions as true,
iku wahyu nugraha dhawuh pribadi,
as divine revelations, blessings, messages received by them.
sabat ingakÍn anak.
These students are regarded as their own children --

56. (69)

Sinunga-sunga anggung tinari,
[They are] given presents and always consulted about their preferences.
maring guru yen arsa mÍmÍjang,
They go to the spiritual teacher when he teaches
tan tÍbih sinandhing gone,
and sit very near him.
sabat kang tÍmah guru,
It is the pupil who becomes the teacher,
guru dadya sabat ing batin,
the teacher inwardly becoming the pupil,
lÍpas ing panggraita,
attaining high levels of understanding.
nanduk sarta wahyu,
equally divinely inspired.
iku utama kalihnya,
This is best, considering.
kang satÍngah pandhita durung sayÍkti,
half the spiritual teachers are not yet genuine,
kasÍlak piyangkuhnya.
because their arrogance makes them want to progress too fast.

57. (70)

Kudu tinut saujarereki,
Everything they say they insist be followed.
dene akeh lumaku sinÍmbah,
Many demand to be bowed down to in homage.
neng pucaking gunung gone,
They settle on mountaintops.
swaranira manguwuh,
Their voices go out,
angÍbÍki patapaneki,
filling the hermitage.
yen ana wong amarak,
If visitors come,
wÍkase abikut,
they become as noisy and busy
lir gubar-beri tinÍmbang,
as flat gongs being beaten,
kumÍrampyang binubak datanpa isi,
loudly scolding in a meaningless way.
tuna kang puruhita.
Their acolytes pay the price.

58. (71)

Aja kaya mÍngkono ngaurip,
That is not to way to be.
badan iku dipun-kadi wayang,
Consider yourself a shadow puppet
kinudang neng panggung gone,
brought to the stage to play a part.
arja tÍtali bayu,
There is a crowd gathered together.
padhanging kang panggungereki,
The light of the stage,
damar aditya wulan,
the lamp, is the sun and moon.
kÍlir ngalam suwung,
The screen is the empty world
kang anangga-nangga cipta,
beyond the reach of the intellect.
gÍbog bumi tÍtÍpe adÍging ringgit,
The banana stalks in which the puppets are inserted is the earth,
sinangga ingkang nanggap.
supported by the patron of the performance.

59. (72)

Kang ananggap aneng jroning puri,
The patron is inside the palace
datan mosik pangulah sakarsa,
Without [his needing] to move, his will is done completely.
ywang pramana dÍdhalange,
The soul is the puppetmaster.
wayang pÍnggadÍgipun,
The puppets are his manifestation.
ana ngidul angalor tuwin,
They are in the south and north.
mangkana kang sarira,
So it is with the self
ing sapolahipun,
in everything it does.
pinolahakÍn ki dhalang,
It is moved by the puppetmaster.
lumaku yen linakokkÍn lembyaneki,
It walks if made to walk. It moves its arms
linembehkÍn ing dhalang.
if the puppetmaster moves them

60. (73)

Pangucape ingucapkÍn nÍnggih,
Its speaking is in being made to speak.
yen kumilat kinilatkÍn iya,
It moves like a strong man, by being made to move.
tinutur anuturake,
Itís made to speak, and thatís its speaking.
[With] every intention [of the puppetmaster]
kang anonton pinolah sami,
the spectators are manipulated
tinonakÍn ing dhalang,
and made by the puppetmaster to see a show.
kang ananggap iku,
The patron, who arranged for the performance,
sajagad mangsa na wruh,
in no way can be seen by the world.
tanpa rupa kang nanggap aneng jro puri,
Formless, the patron is inside the palace,
tanpa warna ywang suksma.
without [outward] appearance: the invisible God.

61. (74)

Sang pÍrmana denira angringgit,
The way the soul performs the shadow play
ngucapakÍn ing sariranira,
is by being made to speak out.
tanpa aji sÍsanane,
Its [own] teaching would be without value.
wibuh pan ora tumut,
It is powerful because it does not follow
ing sarira upamaneki,
its own self. It can be compared
kang menyak munggeng puhan,
to the cream at the top of the milk,
gÍni munggeng kayu,
the fire within the wood.
andrÍpati tan katÍdah,
Fearless of death, without being taught,
sang pÍrmana lir gÍsÍnging kayu panggrit,
the soul is like the fire ignited by a treeís rubbing,
landhÍsan sami wreksa.
rubbing against another tree.

62. (75)

Panggritane polah dening angin,
The tree is moved by the wind.
gÍsÍnging kayu kukuse mÍdal,
The wood, igniting, gives off smoke.
datan antara gÍnine,
There are flames everywhere,
gÍni kalawan kukus,
fire and smoke
saking kayu wijile sami,
both issuing from the wood.
wruha eling duk kala,
See, if you remember back
to the beginning of
kabeh iki kang gumÍlar,
all this [world] spread out,
pan saking heb manusa tinitah luwih,
it is by the Hidden One man was made an excellent creature
apan ingakÍn rahsa.
acknowledged to be the center of all meaning.

63. (76)

Mulya dhewe saking kang dumadi,
Most noble of all creatures,
aja mengeng ciptanira tunggal,
Never lose vigilance; keep your thoughts unfragmented,
tunggal saparibawane,
and your power unfragmented
isining buwaneku,
over everything in the world
anggÍp siji manungsa jati,
The oneness of the true human beingís outlook
mÍngku sagung kaanan,
envelopes all that befalls
ing manusa iku,
den-wruh wisesaning tunggal,
To become aware of the one high power
anuksmani saliring jagad dumadi,
penetrating the whole universe of creation
tekad kang wus sampurna.
is the most perfect of all aims.

64. (77)

Wus mangkana WÍrkudhara mulih,
With that, WÍrkudhara returned.
datan mengeng ing batin gumawang,
He did not relax his vigilance. His inner self was illumined.
nora pangling sarirane,
He did not forget his identity
panuksmaning sawujud,
as the embodiment of all being,
nanging lair sasab piningit,
but outwardly he concealed it.
reh-sareh kasatriyan,
The rules of his knightly caste
linakon winÍngku,
he obeyed, and he held in mastery
pamurwaning jagad raya,
that which could initiate all the world.
kalairan batine nora kasilib,
His inner and outer selves were not at odds.
satu menggeng rimbagan.
They were like a newly-stamped brick [still tight] in its mold.

65. (78)

WÍrkudhara lampahira,
WÍrkudharaís journey
jroning kitha Ngamartadipura,
[took him] into the city of Amarta.
wus panggih kadange kabeh,
[where] he met all his family.
langkung sukaning kalbu,
Joyful of heart
Darmaputra lan para ari,
were Darmaputra and the younger brothers.
ngluwari punaginya,
They fulfilled their vow
bujana anayub,
by holding a banquet with tayub dancing.
tanbuh sukane tyasira,
Their happiness was indescribable
dene ingkang rayi praptane basuki,
that their younger brother had succeeded [in his quest].
sirna subrangtanira.
[and] his deep longing was satisfied.


Translation by M. M. Medeiros



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