List of

vintage movie cameras, projectors, precinema, etc.

P - Z

The following is the fourth part of a list of manufacturers of vintage cinematographic equipment, with most of the apparatus they marketed. It is by no means complete, but a basis for expansion.
Presently you will find the country of origin, year of manufacture and size. The ACR number, if mentioned, refers to Ariel's Cinematography Register. I expand it continuously with more images and data on other apparatus. In general this list closes in the year 1965 with the introduction of super 8mm. For movie cameras after the introduction of Super 8 please refer to Anssi Puistot's excellent list of more than 1330 movie cameras. Images of apparatus may also be found in Google Images.

I listed apparatus I could not find the manufacturer of under Various

In many cases I am not sure of the years of manufacture. For guidance I have made guesses with a question mark. Of course all data are tentative.

I'm always grateful for any info you can supply to correct or update this list. Email to: but delete the word NOSPAM from the address.

If you like to find out more about a certain apparatus, click on the first letter of the name of the manufacturer to go to the relative section of this list. If the apparatus is not listed look for a model number near to it for an approximate date. As models often have a different name than that of the manufacturer you might also search with the Ctrl+F keys or the 'search this site' window below.

I'm receiving many queries about the value of equipment. Read my usual reply here.

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Use the Ctr-F 'find/search' feature of your browser to search this page.

Search Anssi Puistot's list with more than 1100 super 8mm cameras



Pagu/Projektions A.G. Union, (1902 Frankfurt, from 1912 Berlin), Germany

Paillard (see Bolex (click)

Palmer, George, Great Britain

Panavision, San Fernando Valley, CA, USA

Paragon Camera Co., Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, USA

Paramount Mfg. Co./Motion Picture Machine, Boston, USA

Paris-London Universal-Studios ?? Parmentier, Maison, Brussels, Belgium Parnaland , Ambroise-François (1854-1913), Paris, France Paromel Electronics Corp. of Chicago. (P.E.C.) (See also DeVry projectors (note)

Pathé Frères (Pathé S.A.), Paris, France (See also Pathescope below. On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!)

Camera's Projectors (Pathé)) (See also Pathescope below. On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!) Various (Pathé, Pathescope, Pathex, Pathé-Norris, accessories) (On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!)

Pathéscope, Great Britain.

(On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!) Cameras (Pathéscope) Projectors (Pathéscope)) (See also Pathé above. On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!) Pathéscope Co. of America, New York, USA. (On YouTube you may find various clips of demonstrations of the apparatus!)

Pathex = American or German Pathé. See Pathé, France and Pathescope, Great Britain above

Paul, Robert, Great Britain

Payá, Spain

Peak / J.S. Frieze & Co., Ltd., London, UK

Peerless / Camera Productions Ltd., London, Great Britain

The Peerless Projector Co., USA? (Subsidiary of the Pathéscope Co. of America)

Peko Inc., Chicago, USA.

Pentacon VEB, Dresden, East Germany, DDR (see VEB Kamera und Kinowerke)

Pepsodent, USA

Perfex/Candid Camera Corp.of America, Chicago, USA

Périnal, Georges, London, UK

Perkin-Elmer Aerospace Systems, Pomona, USA

Petri Camera Co., Kuribayashi Camera Works, Tokyo, Japan

Phantoscope Manufacturing Co., Washington, USA

Phebus, Marseille, France


Philips Gloeilampen Fabriek N.V./Philips Cinema, Eindhoven, Netherlands/Norelco, USA

Around 1932 Philips obtained the rights to J.Nitzsche projectors. In 1970 it sold its cinema activities to Kinoton in Munich, Germany.

Phillips, Richard, Great Britain

Photec?????????, USA

Photo Cines, USA

Photographic Industries Corporation

Photo-Kinetics Inc., New York, USA / James Ippolito & Co., Inc.

Photonic Systems Inc., Santa Clara / Photographic Analysis Company", Wayne, NJ, USA

Photophone Ltd, Bombay, India

Photo-Sonics Inc., Burbank, USA

Picard & Launay, France Picturoscope (designed by Charles E. Dresssler, New York) Pink,J.J., Chicago, USA Pipon & Pressecq, France Pio Pion, Officine, Milan, Italy Piposcope, Le, France

Pirou ??

Plank KG, Ernst, Nürnberg, Germany (EP) 1866 - 1932. (see Plank below)

Ernst Plank logo. See also Plank/Norris below

Plank KG, Ernst (E.P.) - Noris Projektion, Nürnberg, Germany 1932 - 1980). See also Plank K.G. above. Schaller Bros. took Plank over in 1932 and used the name Noris for their movie apparatus. In 1935 the firm Falk was acquired.

PLB, Paris, France

Pockette: see International Projector Corp., New York

Poch, Novedades, Barcelona, Spain

Polaroid Corp., Mass. USA

See: Precinema

Pordell Projector Inc., New York, USA

Powers Co., Nicholas, N.Y., USA (changed name in 1925 to International Projector Corp., New York, N.Y. after merger.)


See Reynaud,, Plank and Kodak (various)


See Après la Pluie, FranceBing, Carette, Dannhorn, Delagrave, Eckenrath, Falk, Hoffman, Hughes, K.H. as well as Flipbooks and Filoscope. Also precinema links

Precision Engineering Pty. Ltd., Sydney, Australia

Precision Machine Co., New York, USA (founded in 1909. After 1929/30 see International Projector Corp., New York)

Presenta Ltd, London, Great Britain

Prestwich Mfg. Co., London, Great Britain

(see also Mitchell & Kenyon and Hughes, represented in the USA by The Motion Picture Apparatus Co. Inc., New York, R.Hastings, agent.)

Prévost, Établ. Lucien, Paris, France

Prevost S.P.A., Attilio, Milano, Italy

Prince, Le, Louis Aime Augustin(1842-1890), Leeds, Great Britain

See also here

Prinz International Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

Professional Cine Products, Dallas Texas, USA. Later: Gordon Yoeder Inc.

(Conversion of Mitchell 16mm cameras)

Project Bien, France

Projectors NZ Ltd, Onehunga, New Zealand (projectors of various models were made for the NZ market)

Projektions-Maschinenbau Gmbh, Düsseldorf, Germany

Proszynskiego, OKO, (Kazimierz Proszynski 1875-1945), Poland (see also Aeroscope

Proyecson, Valencia, Spain

Pruzhinnyi,USSR See Lomo and Neva

Publicinax ?, France


Quarz (see Krasnagorsk)

Quixie, USA

Q.R.S. Company,Chicago, USA (1902 to 1929)(Merged with DeVry Co. in 1929)


Radex, sold through Woolworth, London, UK

Radio - Cinéma, Cie, Paris, France

Radiquet & Massiot, Paris, France

Radius, Marseille, France

Randall J.& L., Great Britain

Rangertone Research Inc., Nutley, N.J., USA

Rank-Aldis, Great Britain

Ray projectors (see Bingoscope)

RCA-Photophone Inc. (Westinghouse), USA

RCA Victor Co. Inc. , Camden, USA

Realtone, Japan?

Rebikoff, Dimitri, Cannes, France

Rector, Enoch J. USA (also Ikonograph)

Red Lake Labs Inc., Sunnyvale/Santa Clara, Ca, USA

See also Fastax. Service: Visual Instrumentation Corp.

Rees Frères, Van, Brussels, Belgium

Refcy , Japan

Reger Manufacturing Corp, Mt. Clemens, Michigan, USA

Reid & Co., London

Relexi, Spain

Reno?, Italy.

Reulos & Goudeau Co., France.

Revere Camera Co., Chicago, USA 1939 - 1968?(Revere was sold in 1960 to 3M.)(See also Sears Roebuck)

Cameras: Projectors (Revere):

Rex?, France

Rexer Camera Corp., Chicago, USA

Rexina? , Japan

Reynaud, Emile, France

Richardson Camera Co., Burbank, USA

Richmond Research Corp., Richmond Hill, N.Y., USA

Richter Cine Equipment, Essex, USA

  • Ricoh Co.Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

    Rien & Beckmann, Hannover, Germany

    Riley Brothers, Bradford, London, Great Britain, New York, USA

    Risdon Mfg. Co., The, USA

    Roama, Australia?

    Robinson & Sons, J., Luzo, Great Britain

    Rokuo-Sha, Tokyo, Japan

    . (Their cameras were marketed through Konica)

    Rola K.N.W., Tokyo, Japan

    Rolls, Japan / Grt. Britain
    I get conflicting reports on Rolls. One says that Rolls cameras were withdrawn from the British market, because of possible legal action by Rolls Royce or Rolls Razor Co., Japan, for infringement on their name. The cameras were imported (from Japan?) by Alan Bloom in Great Britain. Yet the projector below bears the mark Rolls Razor Ltd, made in England)

    Rondo Co.Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

    Ronkonkoma, New York, USA

    Rosko, Hong Kong

  • Rosko Electric 1960? battery operated camera 2x8mm (similar to Anglia camera and H & G
  • Ross & Co., Thomas, Great Britain

    Ross Ltd., 11 New Bond Street, London, Great Britain

    I do not know whether this famous optical company had any connection with, or was the successor of Ross & Co. above.

    Roul Scope, France

    Roume & Martinet, Paris, France

    Rous, France

    Rowe ??

    Royal Projection AB, Stockholm, Sweden (EIA)

    Royal Optical Co. (Distributed by Ralph J. Golsen, Chicago)(Royal projectors were also sold by Atlas Motion Picture Comp., Chicago in 1927)

    Rubica Seiko Ltd., Japan

    Ruffell, Great Britain

    Russian/East German cameras/projectors.

    See also Russian Cine and Photo Cameras and RafCamera. I'm sorry but I'm a bit groping a bit in the dark as far as what equipment was made by which manufacturer on account of language difficulties. Erkan Umut has been a great help with corrections. Visit his site: by clicking here. Another site brought to my attention is and (in cyrilic characters) .

    Russakow Can Co., Chicago, USA


    Sack, Franz, Germany

    Sadar/Société Anonyme d' Appareillage Radio-Electrique, Paris, France

    SAFAC LB (Société Anonyme de Fabrication d'Appareils de Cinéma) As from 1958 manufactured Movirex cameras for GIC holdings

    Safety Projector and Film Co., Duluth, USA

    Sala Spiele - Bernhard Kellich, Germany

    Sales Producers, London, Great Britain

    Salonika/Kosmas Dosigenis, Thessaloniki, Greece

  • Salex, seeCity Sales

    Sankyo Seiki Mfg. Co. Ltd., Japan

    Santa-Graf Corporation Chicago, Il., USA,

    S & B Manufacturing Corp, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA,

    Schädel & Co. , Düsseldorf, Germany

    Schalie Collée, Switzerland

    Schimmel, A. , Berlin, Germany

    Schimpf, Kurt, Werkstat für Kinematographie, Berlin, Germany

    Schlicker, Herman (see Vitalux, Spirograph)

    Schneider, Eberhard, New York, USA

    Schneider & Sohn, Essen, Germany (1949-1951)

    Schoenner, Jean, Nürnberg, Germany

    Schokking jun., A. J., Netherlands

    Schoenner, Jean, Nürnberg, Germany

    Schottlaender, Germany

    Schrijen, J., Brussels, Belgium

    Schustek, A.,USA

    Screnus, Great Britain (Sold through Gamages). The camera/projector was so badly made that the company went bust rapidly. The unused spare parts were bought up and production resumed without the name of the failed company on the nameplate)

    Sears Roebuck & Co., Simpson, USA
    This department store/mail-order house marketed under their name numerous cameras and projectors of different manufacturers. For example:

    Seeber, Guido, Germany

    Seischab & Co., Germany

    Sekonic Optical Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan / Copal Co. Ltd., Japan

    Selic, Ciné, France

    The Selig Polyscope Co.Chicago, USA

    (Col. W.N./Andrew Schustek,)

    Sem, Aurec, France

    In 1942 Paul Royet founded « Société des Etablissements Modernes de Mécanique » (SEMM abbreviated to SEM)

    SEP, Société d'Exploitation Photographique, Paris, France

    Serra & Co, Fratelli, Italy

    Shinko Electrical Co., Tokyo, Japan

    SIC, Societe Industrielle de Cinematographie Marseille

    Siemens & Halske AG, Berlin, Germany Cameras:

    Siemens projectors

    Silma, Italy

    Silver, Cine, Japan/Hong Kong?

    Simplex (see International Projector Corp., New York (Simplex 16mm camera and 35mm projectors) and Precision Machine Co., New York.Latest manufacturer: Simplex Projector Co., New York (purchased in 1983 by Ballantyne (see)). Marketing through Strong International, USA (see)

    Simplex Photo Products Co., New York, USA

    Simplex-Ampro Ltd. Great Britain

    Sinemat Motion Picture Machine and Radio Machine Co. Inc., New York, USA


    Skandinavisk Aero Industrie

    Skladanowski, Max & Emil, Berlin, Germany

    Cine Skob, Josep Escobar, Barcelona, Spain

    Slechta, Czechoslovakia (see Cinephon)


    Smith & Co., Dr. J. H., Zurich, Switzerland

    Sochor F., Vienne, Austria

    Soho Ltd., London, Great Britain

    Soligor/Nihon Seiki, Japan

    Solus, Cinema Solus, Et. Bancarel, Paris, France

    Sommor, Paris, France

    Soyuz? (= Union). Factory unknown), USSR

    SP , see Sales Producers

    Specto Ltd., (1935 - 1960), Windsor, Berkshire. Great Britain.
    They also made Spectone taperecorders.

    Spiral / E. & H.T. Anthony & Co., New York, USA

    Spirograph (of Henri W.Joy) 1907 (See Urban)

    Sprague Specialities Co., North Adams, Mass., USA

    Ing. H. Spyri AG, Marligen, Bern, Switzerland

    Stachow, Berlin, Germany


    Standard Projector Co., The, Edwardstown, South Australia

    Standard Projectors, N.Y.C.,USA

    Starfield & Co., Toronto, Canada

    Stedman, Great Britain. (I wonder whether this equipment ever reached the market)

    Steeg & Reuter, Dr., Germany

    Stein Co., William P., USA.

    Stephens Products, Connecticut, USA

    Stephens Products Inc., Middletown, USA

    Stereoscopic & Photographic Co., London, Great Britain

    Sterling Camera Co., New York, USA.

    Stern Co., David, Chicago USA

    Stewart Warner Co. Chicago, USA

    St. George Cine Equipment Co. Hong Kong

    Stineman Systems, Los Angeles, USA

    Stockholm, Sweden

    Strong Electric Co., Toledo, Ohio, USA

    Strong International, USA/ The Strong Electric Comp., Toledo, O, USA See for Simplex also International Projector Corp. Manufacturer/Sales Agency of Ballantyne, Simplex and Century modern cinema projectors, Balantyne of Omaha Inc., and ICECO.

    Style Toys Ltd., Great Britain

    Suchanek, J, Brno, Czechoslovakia (1934-37, see Meopta)

    Ste. Su_Ga, Paris France

    Suga Co. Ltd.

    Sun Coast Merchandising Co., Los Angeles, USA

    Superson, Spain

    S.V.E./Society for Visual Education Inc, Chicago, USA

    Swanson, Crawford Film Co., St. Louis, USA

    Synchrophone Ltd. Great Britain (Branch of Curwens music publishers)

    Sziraki, Germany


    Talkiola Corp., New York, USA

    TSI. Technical Services Inc., Plymouth, Michigan, USA
    (See below under TSI)

    Technicolor Corp., Hollywood, USA

    Teledyne Camera Systems, Arcadia, USA

    Telford Products Ltd., Great Britain

    Tellag AG, Zug, Switzerland

    Terta (Elektroimpex), Budapest, Hungary

    Tesla, Czechoslowakia

    Texas General, USA

    Theoscope / Mendel, Charles, Paris, France

    Thornton-Pickard Mfg. Co., Altrincham, Great Britain

    Thunderbird/S.B. Manufacturing, Brooklyn N.Y., USA

    Tobis Klangfilm, Berlin, Germany

    Tobis, Brussels, Belgium

    Todd AO, USA

    Toei?, Japan

    Tokiwa Seiki Co. Ltd., Japan

    Tokowa Co., Japan

    Tolana, Italy

    Tolkiola Corp., New York, USA

    Tondo/Polistil S.N.C. Italy

    Tor Optical Co. Ltd, Japan

    Tor Optical Co.Ltd., Japan

    Torpedo Motion Picture Machine, USA

    Towa, Osaka, Japan

    Tower, see Sears Roebuck

    Traid Corp., Encino(Cal) & Sherman Oaks, USA

    Trenka & Tomlinson, Fairmont, Ottawa, Ont., Canada

    Triplico, Direct Trading Organisation Ltd.,Liverpool (see Sales Producers)

    Triunfo, Sao Paulo, Brasil Brasilian cinema projector manufacturer.

    Trixine / Tenag S.A., Neuchatel, Switzerland

    Trojan Sporting Goods Co., Chicago, USA

    TSI/ Technical Service Inc., Livonia, MI, USA. Also located at Plymouth, Mi. See DeVry (lite)

    Tsugami, Japan

    Turchi, Antoine, Marseilles, France

    Tuscarora Advertising Co. USA

    Twencen Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Great Britain

    Tylar, W., Birmingham, Great Britain

    Tyler, Great Britain


    Uncle Sam. Durable Toy and Novelty Corp.,New York, USA

    Union Tonbildmaschinenbau- und Vertriebs Ges., Berlin, Germany

    United States Cam-O Corp., Kansas City, Missouri,USA

    United States Projector & Electronics Corp., Washington USA

    (See also American Projecting Co, Chicago)
  • Silver Star 1950? magazine camera 16mm
  • Projector 35mm
  • United States Talking Film Corp. , Wilmington, Del., USA

    Universal Camera Corp. New York, USA

    Universal Camera Co., (Division of) Burke & James Inc., Chicago, USA

    Universel, France

    Unknown. See 'Various' below.

    Urban Bioscope Co./Charles Urban Trading Co.Ltd., London, Great Britain

    Urban was manager of the Warwick Trading Co. from 1897-1903). After 1903 Charles Urban Trading Co. (trademark Urbanora)

    Urban Motion Picture Industries Inc., New York, USA

    (See also Aladdin Cine products (click)

    Urfée, see Blanchard & Jourjon

    Uriu Seiki Co. Ltd., Japan

    US Cinematograph Co., Chicago, USA


    Valette Inc., Chicago, USA

    Vanguard, ? Co.Ltd.,UK?

    Varimex ?

    Various - manufacturers unknown

    Pentacon / VEB Kamera- und Kinowerke, DDR (East Germany) Later: Pentacon VEB

    Vedes, Germany

    Vego, France

    Velograph Syndicate

    Vernon, USA

    Veronese Paolo Cinematografia, Italy

    Vevers ?

    Vicamphoto Appliance Corp., Philadelphia, USA

    Victor Animatograph Co.Inc., Davenport, Iowa, USA.(Also Victor Cinematography Co.)
    (After 1951 their sound projectors were manufactured by Motiograph Inc.. Later Division of Curtiss-Wright Corp., Davenport, USA)

    Victor Camera's

    Victor projectors

    Victor Co. of Japan Ltd.

    Viewlex Inc., USA . Viewlex was only distributor under the Viewlex name of projectors bought from manufacturers. See also JAN projectors

    Vinten Ltd., London, Great Britain

    Vista Cameras/J.H.Hallberg, USA (Not to be confused with Vista 8mm cameras made in Hong Kong!)

    Vitagraph, see Clément & Gilmer, France

    Vitak, USA (W.Wardell mail order, see also Ikonograph, Latham)

    Vitalux Camera Co., Milwaukee, USA (see also Schlicker)

    Vitascope Corp., Providence, Long Island/Middletown, Conn.,USA

    VO Mashpriborintorg, USSR.

    See Lomo

    Vogt & Hartmann, Mainz, Germany

    Voigtländer & Sohn, Braunscheig, Germany

    Vorkländer, Germany

    Vought Co., Beverly Hills, Cal., USA


    Waddell Inc., John M., (Manufactured by James Ippolito & Co. Inc., USA

    Walker, James, Great Britain

    Wall Inc., J.M., USA

    Wallace Heaton, London, Great Britain

    Walturdaw Cinema Supply Co. Ltd., London, Cardiff, Great Britain

    Wallace Heaton, London, Great Britain

    Wamoo, France

    Wandertone ?

    Wards, see Montgomery Ward

    Warrick Co., Frederick P., Clarkston, Michigan, USA

    Warwick Trading Co., London, Great Britain See also Darling. Before 1897 Maguire & Baucus Ltd.

    Wassmann, Spain

    Wegman, S.J., USA

    Weimar Feingeräte VEB, DDR

    Wenzel Projector Co. Chicago, USA

    Werfak Werkstätte für Feinmechanik, Switzerland

    Wesco ???????????

    Westar, China

    Western Electric, USA (See also Redlake Labs

    Westrex, USA

    Wilart Instrument Co.Inc., La Rochelle/Wilart Cinema Ind. Inc., USA (see Institute Standard Camera Corp.)

    Wilding Picture Productions Inc., Detroit, USA

    Williams Bioscope Co.Ltd., London, Great Britain

    Williams Electric Camera Co., Los Angeles, USA

    Ted Williams, Great Britain

    Williamson Kinematograph Co.Ltd., London, Great Britain

    (Also The Williamson Kine Co. Ltd., London)(Distributed thru Butcher & Sons. See also Sam Dodge: Williamson camera movements . And this videoclip

    Williamson Mfg. Co.Ltd., Reading, London, Great Britain

    Willoughby's, New York, USA

    Winckelmann & Söhne, Johann C., Germany

    Guckkasten (BG = 38,5x28) 1830 Goggle box ACR 1109

    Wirgin, Gebr., Wiesbaden, West-Germany Germany

    Edixa 8 (pro) 1964 projector regular 8mm

    Witte, G. W., Philadelphia, USA

    Wittnauer Camera Co., New York, USA

    Wollensak Optical Co., Chicago, USA (see also Fastax. Wollensak was bought by Revere)


    World Syndicate Co. Inc., New York, USA

    Wray, Cecil, &Co., Bradford

    Wrench, Alfred & John, and Sons, London, Great Britain

    Wundatone. See Sales Producers Wurm & Co., Stuttgart, Germany


    Yamiya ?, Japan

    Yashica Optical Industrial Co. Ltd., Japan


    Zavod, Pleven, Bulgaria

    Zavodza Kinomaschini, Sofia, Bulgaria

    Zeiss Ikon AG., Jena, Germany (see also Carl Zeiss, Jena, DDR and VEB Kamera- und Kinowerke, DDR) (See also Ernemann Nova Gmbh)


    Projectors (Zeiss Ikon)

    Zeiss, Carl, VEB, DDR, Jena, East Germany

    Zenith, Austria Zenith, Duluth, USA , see Safety Projector & Film Co.

    Zimmermann, G., see Cima

    Zix Co., Detroit, USA

    Zodelscope see Wallace Heaton

    Zollinger, Ernesto, Italy

    Zonal Film Facilities, USA


    Zunow Optical Industry, Tokyo, Japan

    movie reel

    I also have a list of 300 items: movie cameras, projectors, accessories in 8, 9.5, 16, 22, 28 and 35mm, and many books I have to clear for lack of space. Please email for a list, specifying your interests, and what size, to: , but first delete the word NOSPAM from the address.

    Created 26 September 1998, latest addition 21-4-2023
    Please note that I cannot undertake any responsibility for the data in this list.

    © Michael Rogge 2023


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